my chair was missing from the table
an oversight I’m sure
standing there I considered the distance
we’d walked just to arrive and the
horses apathetic to the prey of their riders
gaining in spite of themselves with heads
so enormous cold mist from their nostrils
fell upon the moon upon you and
me and the men and women
we took with us from the corners of sleep
one dream one table one people with one
unnamable loss and no place set
[A poem from Incognegro: a Memoir of Exile and Apartheid]
For those interested in novels, poetry, films, and critical text that explores the questions posed by Afro-Pessimism, the following list is a good place to start.
Armah, Ayi Kwei. The Beautyful Ones Are Not Yet Born. Oxford; Portsmouth, N.H., USA: Heinemann, 1988, (1968).
Baldwin, James. Tell Me How Long the Train’s Been Gone. New York: Vintage Books, 1998 (1968).
Bush Mama. (Dir. Haile Gerima 1977). Perf. Barbara O. Jones.
Dangarembga, Tsitsi. Nervous conditions. Seattle, Wash.: Seal Press, 1989, c1988
Eady, Cornelius. Brutal imagination: poems. New York : G.P. Putnam's Sons, 2001.
Edwards, Gus. The Offering. Alexandria, VA: Alexander Street Press, c2002
Eltis, David. “Europeans and the Rise and Fall of African Slavery in the Americas: An Interpretation.” The American Historical Review. Vol. 98, No. 5, Dec. 1993.
Fanon, Frantz. Black Skin, White Masks. Trans. Charles Lam Markmann.
Grove Press, Inc.: New York, l967.
Feelings, Tom. Middle Passage: White Ships, Black Cargo. New York: Dial Books, 1995.
Gordon, Lewis R. Bad faith and antiblack racism. Atlantic Highlands, NJ: Humanities Press, 1995.
Hammonds, Evelynn, M. “Toward a Genealogy of Black Female Sexuality: The Problematic of Silence.” Feminist Genealogies, colonial legacies, Democratic Futures. Eds. M. Jacqui Alexander and Chandra Talpade Mohanty. New York: Routledge, 1997.
Hartman, Saidiya V. Scenes of Subjection: Terror, Slavery, and Self-Making in Nineteenth Century America. New York: Oxford University Press, l997.
---.“‘The Position of the Unthought’: An Interview with Saidiya V. Hartman.” Conducted by Frank B. Wilderson, III. Qui Parle, Vol. 13, No. 2 Spring/Summer 2003.
---. Lose Your Mother: a Journey Along the Atlantic Slave Route. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2007.
Himes, Chester B. Lonely Crusade. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1947
James, Joy (ed.). Imprisoned Intellectuals: America’s Political Prisoners Write on Life, Liberation, and Rebellion. Lanham, Maryland: Rowman & Littlefield Pub. Inc., 2003.
Judy, Ronald. “On the Question of Nigga Authenticity.” Boundary 2. Vol. 21, No. 3 (Autumn 1994): 211-230.
---. (Dis)Forming the American Canon: African-Arabic Slave Narratives and the Vernacular. Minneapolis: Univ. of MN Press, 1993.
Keeling, Kara. “‘In the Interval’: Frantz Fanon and the Problems of Visual Representation.” Qui Parle, Vol. 13, No. 2 Spring/Summer 2003.
Killer of Sheep. (Dir. Charles Burnett 1972). Perf. Henry G. Sanders, Kaycee Moore, Charles Bracy, Angela Burnett.
Manderlay. (Dir. Lars von Trier 2005)
Marriott, David. On Black Men. New York: Columbia University Press, 2000.
---. Haunted Life: Visual Culture and Black Modernity. New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press, 2007.
Martinot, Steve and Jared Sexton. “The Avant-garde of White Supremacy.” Social
Identities. Vol. 9, no. 2. June 2003.
Mbembe, Achille. On the Postcolony. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2001.
Morrison, Toni. Beloved. New York: Random House, 1987.
The Murder of Fred Hampton. (Dir. Howard Alk 1971)
Patterson, Orlando. Slavery and Social Death: A Comparative Study. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 1982.
Sexton, Jared. Amalgamation Schemes. Minneapolis: University of MN Press, 2008.
Shakur, Assata. Assata: An Autobiography. Chicago: Lawrence Hill Books, 1987.
Spillers, Hortense. Black , White and in Color: Essays on American Literature and Culture. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 20003.
Wacquant, Loic. “From Slavery to Mass Incarceration: Rethinking the ‘Race Question’ in the US.” New Left Review, no. 13, January/February 2002, pp: 41-60.
The Watermelon Woman (Dir. Cheryl Dunye 1996)
Wolfe, George C. The Colored Museum. New York: Grove Press, 1985.
X, Malcolm. “The Ballot or the Bullet.” Speech delivered February 4, 1964. Detroit. Audio cassette: Pacifica Archives.
Yancey, George. Who is White: Latinos, Asians, and the New Black/Nonblack Divide. Boulder: Lynne Rienner Pub., 2003.